Elections 2021: how was the political map of Argentina after the defeat of the ruling party

Together he prevailed in the legislative elections, a victory that ratified the trend he had achieved in the PASO. Their lists of national deputies were imposed in 13 provinces. The electoral victory includes the five most populated districts of the country: the province of Buenos Aires, the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, Córdoba, Santa Fe and Mendoza.

Together, however, they could not achieve their victory in the Buenos Aires suburbs, where Kirchnerism recovered lost votes in the PASO. The opposition won in provinces that have been historically Peronist, such as Santa Cruz and La Pampa. At the national level, Juntos garnered, on average, 41.88% of the votes, above the 33.03% obtained by the Frente de Todos.

Kirchnerism achieved an improvement in the polls, driven by the numbers in the suburbs and, in addition, turned the results of the PASO in two provinces. Everyone’s Front managed to prevail, in total, in nine districts. Since the Argentines had gone to the polls, just two months ago, first an unprecedented internal one promoted by Cristina Kirchner exploded, and then other management problems appeared, such as insecurity and the rise in the dollar.

In the province of Buenos Aires, a district governed by the purest Kirchnerism, the opposition won, although with a narrower difference compared to the PASO. Diego Santilli’s list got 39.81% of the votes, while the ruling party Victoria Tolosa Paz reaped 38.53%, a result that the Frente de Todos classified as “a technical tie.” In third place, José Luis Espert reached 7.5%.

Despite narrowing the gap with the opposition, the Buenos Aires defeat will resonate from tomorrow in the electoral alliance led by Cristina Kirchner and Alberto Fernández. It will also have consequences for the next two years, because it will implement changes in the composition of Congress. As soon as the results were known, the President announced a new “multi-year economic plan” that will be sent to parliament.

On the opposite side, the Buenos Aires triumph of Santilli -deputy head of the Buenos Aires government- positions Horacio Rodríguez Larreta to seek the presidency in 2023. As expected, the difference for Juntos was more pronounced in the city of Buenos Aires. The list headed by María Eugenia Vidal – who also had the endorsement of Larreta – got 47.01% of the votes, while Leandro Santoro (Frente de Todos), 25.10%. Javier Milei, the revelation in the PASO, surpassed his own mark and gathered 17.03% of the votes.

Diego Santilli, Buenos Aires candidate for Juntos, casting his vote.

Setback in Córdoba

The opposition easily prevailed in the center of the country. Together they won in Córdoba with an even greater advantage than the one they had in previous elections: they gathered 54.04% of the votes. As was foreseeable, the words of Alberto Fernández, who had asked a few days ago that Córdoba “be part of Argentina”, were too much for the Cordovan Kirchnerism that came in third place. The Frente de Todos gathered barely 10.48% of the votes.

Together they also won in Santa Fe, another key province that is governed by the ruling party. The opposition was left with 40.23% of the votes, almost 10 points above Peronism, which two years ago recovered that province after a long period in the hands of Santa Fe socialism.

Entre Ríos was another province in the center of the country that Juntos ratified after the good results obtained in the PASO. The list headed by former minister Rogelio Frigerio got 54.52% of the votes, a difference of more than 20 points with the ruling party. Not even the numbers that the Frente de Todos had obtained in 2019 had been so beneficial for the victor at that time.

The Senate Quorum

The Juntos candidates in La Pampa celebrate the historic electoral triumph
The Juntos candidates in La Pampa celebrate the historic electoral triumph

The defeat in La Pampa and Chubut took away Peronism’s own quorum in the Senate, something unprecedented since 1983. Daniel Kroneberger, from Pampa, who led the opposition list for the Upper House, got 48.27% of the votes and was imposed in that province, which is governed by Kirchnerism. The difference was even more marked in Chubut, where the opposition took 10 points ahead of Frente de Todos.

Santa Cruz, the cradle of Kirchnerism, witnessed a historic victory for the opposition. As had happened in the PASO, the opposition achieved a historic electoral victory. The ballot headed by Roxana Reyes added 35.05% of the votes, a difference of 12 points with the ruling party, which was in an unprecedented third place.

The opposition also prevailed in Cuyo. The list headed by Julio Cobos won in Mendoza with 49.84% of the votes, a difference of more than 20 points with respect to Kirchnerism. Together they also stayed with San Luis, where the ballot promoted by Governor Claudio Poggi got a minimum difference of just one point. The opposition thus displaced the list supported by Alberto Rodríguez Saa.

San Juan was an exception in Cuyo: the list of the Frente de Todos supported by Governor Sergio Uñac managed to win with 43.73% of the votes.

Kirchnerism, strong in the north

Kirchnerism won in nine provinces. The victories of the Frente de Todos were mainly concentrated in districts located in the north of the country. They were triumphs in Formosa, La Rioja, Tucumán, Salta, Catamarca, Santiago del Estero and San Juan, all governed by the ruling party. Regarding the PASO, Kirchnerism was able to reverse the result in Chaco and Tierra del Fuego.

Tucumán, again, was one of the impregnable provinces for the opposition. After the landing of Governor Juan Manzur in the Casa Rosada, Kirchnerism won again: the most voted candidate was the candidate for Senator Pablo Yedlin, sword of Kirchnerism in the Health commission of the Chamber of Deputies, which met the 41.43 % of the votes, less than 2 points of difference with the opposition.

The ruling party also added a narrow victory in Salta. The Frente de Todos ballot added 31.83% of the votes, a difference of just over 1 point with the opposition.

The biggest comeback of the Frente de Todos materialized in the Chaco polls. After losing by nine points in the last STEP, Kirchnerism managed to reverse the result: it got 44.13% of the votes. A comeback was also achieved in Tierra del Fuego, where the ruling party gathered 39.65%.


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Elections 2021: how was the political map of Argentina after the defeat of the ruling party