CO2 levels measured at NOAA’s global reference observatory in Hawaii peaked at 424 parts per million in May, reaching levels not seen in millions of years.
These measurements of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, obtained by the NOAA Global Monitoring Laboratory, correspond to the month of the year in which peaks in the northern hemisphere. That’s an increase of 3.0 ppm from May 2022 and represents the fourth largest annual increase in the peak of the Keeling curve in NOAA’s record.
Scientists at the Scripps Oceanographic Institution, which maintains an independent registry, calculated a May monthly average of 423.78 ppm, also an increase of 3.0 ppm, over the May 2022 average.
Carbon dioxide levels are now more than 50% higher than before the start of the industrial age.
It is important to point out that a couple of years ago Bill Gates, co-founder of Microsoft and philanthropist dedicated to the fight against climate change, warned that humanity has until 2050 to eliminate the 51,000 million tons of greenhouse gases that it produces annually, Otherwise, a climatic catastrophe will occur that would be inevitable to stop.
Gates explained that, if that goal is not achieved, a large portion of the territories that are in the northern and southern hemispheres of planet Earth would become uninhabitable, Because temperatures would be so high that they would make it impossible to grow food or carry out activities such as livestock. Added to this, it is possible that solar radiation hits with more force in those areas, which would increase the risk of cancer for those who inhabit these places.
As a result of this situation, humanity would enter into a migratory process of enormous proportions and that would cause the territories located on the equator line to also become uninhabitable due to the large concentration of inhabitants that would occur in that area.
Therefore, the species human could be in danger of extinction due to the lack of food and space to live.
On the other hand, Rick Spinrad, administrator of the NOAA, has assured that “every year we see increasing levels of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere, as a direct result of human activity.”
“Every year, we see the impacts of climate change in heat waves, droughts, floods, forest fires and storms that occur around us. While we will have to adapt to climate impacts that we cannot avoid, we must do everything we can to reduce carbon pollution, safeguard this planet and the life we call home,” added Spinrad.
Carbon dioxide pollution is generated by the burning of fossil fuels for transportation and electricity generation, by cement manufacturing, deforestation, agriculture, and many other practices. Like other greenhouse gases, CO2 traps heat radiating from the planet’s surface that would otherwise escape into spaceamplifying extreme weather events such as heat waves, droughts and wildfires, as well as rainfall and flooding.
Rising CO2 levels also poses a threat to the world’s oceans, which absorb both CO2 gas and excess heat from the atmosphere. Impacts include rising ocean surface and subsurface temperatures and disruption of marine ecosystems, rising sea levels and ocean acidification, which changes seawater chemistry, and this it leads to a decrease in dissolved oxygen and interferes with the growth of some marine organisms.
This year, the NOAA measurements were obtained from a temporary sampling site atop the Mauna Kea volcano, which was established after lava flows cut off access to the Mauna Loa observatory in November 2022. The measurements May Scripps were taken at Mauna Loa after NOAA personnel repowered a Scripps instrument with a solar and battery system in March.
Data from Mauna Loa, along with measurements from sampling stations around the world, are incorporated by NOAA’s Global Monitoring Laboratory into the Global Greenhouse Gas Reference Network, a fundamental research dataset for international climate scientists and a point of reference for policymakers trying to address the causes and impacts of climate change.
Widely considered the world’s premier sampling site for monitoring atmospheric CO2, operations at the Scripps Observatory and Noaa were abruptly suspended on November 29, 2022, when lava flows from the eruption of the Mauna Loa volcano buried more than a mile from the access road and destroyed the transmission lines that supply power to the observatory campus.
After a 10-day outage, NOAA resumed greenhouse gas observations Dec. 8 from a temporary instrument facility on the deck of the University of Hawaii Observatory, located near the top of Mauna Kea volcano. Scripps began air sampling on Mauna Kea on December 14, 2022, and resumed sampling on Mauna Loa on March 9, maintaining his observations on Mauna Kea.
Scripps obtained continuous daily samples from both Mauna Loa and Mauna Kea during May, the month that CO2 levels in the northern hemisphere reach their maximum levels of the year. Scripps recorded a May CO2 reading from Mauna Kea of 423.83 ppm, which is very close to the Mauna Loa observatory’s reading of 423.78 ppm.
The Mauna Loa observatory is located at an elevation of 3,395 meters above sea level, while the Mauna Kea sampling site is slightly higher, at an elevation of 4,145 meters. Scientists can sample the air without being disturbed by the influence of local pollution or vegetation, and produce measurements that represent the average state of the atmosphere in the northern hemisphere, from both locations.
ChatGPT imagines what the end of the world would be like if it happened in 2023
According to the artificial intelligence of ChatGPT, the end of the world would occur due to a natural catastrophe caused by a series of massive and continuous volcanic eruptions that release large amounts of ash and gases into the atmosphere.
This phenomenon would cause a significant reduction in sunlight reaching Earth and this situation would cause a decrease in global temperature, which in turn would have negative effects on food production, human health and global economic stability.
However, the AI developed by Open AI also considered it feasible for human existence to be eradicated from the planet as a consequence of an eventual war with nuclear weapons.
According to that artificial intelligence, nuclear bomb explosions would produce powerful shock waves, highly lethal heat and radiation that would cause massive and extensive damage.
These are the most likely effects that a nuclear war would cause, according to the AI:
- Loss of human lives: the explosion of a nuclear bomb can cause the instant death of thousands of people and severely injure thousands more. The effects of radiation can also be lethal in the long term, which would significantly increase the total number of deaths.
- Destruction of infrastructure: A nuclear bomb blast can also cause the destruction of buildings, roads, bridges, power, water, and communications systems, making recovery and humanitarian aid more difficult.
- Climate change: nuclear explosions would produce large amounts of dust and ash that would rise into the atmosphere and block out sunlight. This would cause significant global cooling that could last for several years, with negative effects on agriculture, health, and the climate in general.
- Radioactive pollution: Nuclear explosions would also release radiation that can persist for decades or centuries and contaminate vast areas, causing effects on human health and wildlife.
It should be remembered that a couple of months ago a netizen revealed the forecast for the end of the world provided by the artificial intelligence of Midjourney, the AI specialized in generating highly realistic illustrations based on the textual descriptions of its users offered a Graphic representation of the detonation of an atomic bomb explosion.
However, an eventual atomic apocalypse was not the only scenario that Midjourney predicted when trying to establish how the end of the world would occur. This AI has also stated that the end of humanity could be caused by a climate disaster that could generate drastic temperature changes in some areas of the world.
This situation would cause a large part of the human species to perish due to diseases that would be generated by the power of the sun’s rays, added to this the natural resources in a large portion of the Earth would be lost and this situation would cause a shortage of food and other products necessary for survival.
However, this prediction could also be associated with a possible natural disaster that could be generated due to global warming, but that would be a possibility that could not occur in 2023. This is because the forecasts of experts such as Bill Gates point to that a climate crisis of great proportions could be generated in 2025.
Similarly, the Midjourney AI set up another scenario in which the Earth could disappear due to a solar storm that would wipe out all life on the planet.
Despite the fact that the aforementioned predictions were generated by artificial intelligence, some scientists have begun to open a debate about the influence that AIs are gaining and the eventual danger that they represent for the future of the human race.
*With information from Europa Press.
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Scientists Issue Worrying Warning, Chances Grow That Feared Bill Gates Prediction Comes True