Read the Ephemeris of September 4 (2021 version)

September 4 is the 247th (two hundred and forty-seventh) day of the year — the 248th (two hundred and forty-eighth) in leap years — on the Gregorian calendar. There are 118 days left until the end of the year.

On this day, September 4, some important events occurred both for Venezuela and for the world, and anniversaries and commemorations are celebrated.

The reading of the ephemeris contributes to obtaining knowledge, preserves historical memory and also entertains.

  1. It is the Day of the Employee or Public Worker in Venezuela. On September 4, 1970, the Administrative Career Law was enacted. Although they usually receive official congratulations on these dates, unfortunately the salaries of public employees have become tremendously precarious in recent years (3 dollars a month!), As Art 91 of the Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela that establishes a minimum wage that should be based on the monthly cost of the basic food basket, but does not cover even a tiny fraction of it, in addition to the fact that it has seen how its health and safety system, pensions and benefits, its rights have been degraded working together. Other labor and union rights of public servants are also at stake, as well as their democratic participation as workers in State affairs and in the dignity of their work in the face of the scourge of corruption. In 2012, on this date dedicated to the Venezuelan Public Employee, President Hugo Chávez, as on other occasions, paid tribute to the daily work of these workers at the service of the country, whom he described as “fundamental sap in the construction of the new homeland “; a recognition that he would give them for the last time on their national day, before his death. Other winds are blowing today.

  2. World Sexual Health Day, an initiative promoted by the World Association for Sexual Health (WAS) since 2010. The purpose of this event is to educate the population about the promotion of sexual rights, sexual diversity, as well such as sexual and reproductive health in a pleasant way, without discrimination or risks. Likewise, it is about disseminating information about risk factors, sexually transmitted diseases and infections, as well as promoting the adoption of the pertinent precautions for a healthy and safe sexual life.

  3. In 1781 in New Spain (in what is now California in the United States), in the region known to the natives as the “Valley of Smoke” (in their respective language), the Catalan captain Gaspar de Portolá and the Franciscan missionary ( Spanish-Mayorquín) Junípero Serra founded the town of the “Queen of the Angels”, which in the future will become the populous city of Los Angeles.

  4. In 1797 armed troops, led by soldiers with a republican tendency, including Napoleon Bonaparte, occupied Paris (France) from the early hours of the morning and overthrew the government of the Directory (form of government adopted by the Republic in the French Revolution) . They decree that whoever tries to favor the return to the monarchy or the Constitution of 1793 will be shot.

  5. In 1802 Johann Georg Friedrich Grotefend, a German philologist, opened the door to decipher the mysterious cuneiform writing of the Babylonians and Persians, presenting a rectified alphabet.

  6. In 1882 in New York (USA), Pearl Street became the first artificially lit street in the world, with 7,200 lamps and a 900 HP electric station, conceived by Edison.

  7. In 1886 in Skeleton, Arizona, under the promise of being treated as a prisoner of war, and not as a “bandit”, the surrender of the indigenous leader Gerónimo and the 30 Apaches who remain with him, took place before the United States Army. Gerónimo will be held for 3 years in the Fronteras prison (Sonora), where today there is a museum that bears his name. After that time, he will be transferred to an Indian reservation in Oklahoma, where he will live until his death in 1909.

  8. In 1888 in Stuttgart (Germany), Oskar Schlemmer was born, who will be a designer, painter and sculptor and will be part of the Bauhaus School, an international reference artistic movement. His best known work will be the Triadic Ballet, which will premiere in his hometown in 1922. The ballet, with music by Paul Hindemith, showed dancers dressed in geometric shapes. His designs will inspire artists like David Bowie.

  9. In 1905, Mary Renault was born in the city of London (United Kingdom), a British writer who will specialize in historical novels, set in ancient Greece, in addition to writing a well-known biography of Alexander the Great, in 1975.

  10. In 1965 Albert Schweitzer, a French physician, theologian and missionary, died. In 1952 he received the Nobel Peace Prize and takes the opportunity to lash out at war, insisting on the fact that it was inhumane and the worst of evils. This speech was printed with the title: “The problem of peace in the world today.”

  11. In 1970 the Popular Unity, led by Salvador Allende Gossens, won the elections in Chile. It was a coalition of left-wing parties, made up of the Socialist Party, the Communist Party, the Unitary Popular Action Movement (MAPU), the Independent Popular Action (API) and the Social Democratic Party (PSD), to which the Christian Left and the Radical Left Party were incorporated to support the Allende government in 1971. Its purpose was to establish a socialist state based on the electoral, democratic and constitutional mechanisms of Chile; what was known as the “Chilean road to socialism “ or also as a “peaceful way” and was characterized by the adoption of sovereign measures such as the nationalization of copper, the nationalization of key areas of the economy and the development of the agrarian reform, as well as advanced social policies, although it did not expropriate to the bourgeoisie or to consequently develop the power bodies of the Chilean proletariat to really transfer control of the State and the Armed Forces to it, which gave it a bloody and genocidal coup in 1973 (led by General Pinochet). This Popular Unity government, despite the great support of the workers and sectors of the Chilean people, would not be able to overcome the capitalist sabotage and the conspiracy of the US military and imperialism, within the framework of the international geopolitical confrontation between the United States. UU, the main capitalist powers of Europe and the world, on the one hand, and the Soviet Union, on the other, known as the Cold War. However, the Chilean revolution marked a fundamental historical milestone and remains a high point of reference for the socialist revolutionary struggle in Latin America and the rest of the world.

  12. In 1985 at Rice University in Houston, Texas (USA), the astrochemist Harry Kroto, together with the North American researchers Richard Smalley and Robert Curl and two graduate students, carried out experiments trying to convert gaseous carbon into particles, a phenomenon that It occurs in stars, and they happen to discover a new form of pure carbon.

  13. Google was born in 1998 when, thanks to a check for $ 100,000 from Andy Bechtolsheim to Larry Page and Sergey Brin, it was officially founded. The team had its first office in a garage on the outskirts of Menlo Park. (California), and owned by Susan Wojcicki, currently CEO of Youtube. The name Google refers to the mathematical expression of the number 1 followed by 100 zeros.

  14. In 2005, the United States requested emergency assistance from the European Union and NATO to deal with the consequences of Hurricane Katrina. The US Government has officially requested the European Commission (EC) and the British Presidency of the EU to send emergency aid to assist the victims of Hurricane Katrina, including in the request medicines, food and material resources. It is the first time in history that Washington has asked the EU for this kind of assistance.

  15. In 2013 the United States Senate authorized the attack on Syria requested by President Barack Obama. The US Senate Foreign Relations Committee approves a resolution authorizing military action against Syria for the (alleged) “use of chemical weapons against civilians” in an attack that Washington attributes to the government of Damascus.

  16. In 2018 Amazon becomes the second American company to achieve a stock valuation of one trillion dollars.

Ephemeris made by Aporrea with the collaboration of the author Maricarmen Gómez F., in her research, compilation and elaboration.

Article: Soure