Elon Musk presented Optimus: a new humanoid robot that could change everything | Is the machine revolution coming?

He is 1.73 meters tall, weighs 57 kilos and can run up to 8 km per hour, water the plants, wave, carry 20 kilos and lift 68. His name is optimus, and it is the company’s new humanoid robot Tesla, that seeks to become the first to be sold massively. The car manufacturing firm presented a prototype humanoid robot that walked rigidly, without restraints, on stage at the Tesla Artificial Intelligence Day, he slowly waved to the crowd and waved his hands for about a minute.

Apparently, Optimus, that has Wi-Fi and can be updated and programmed via the Internet, it is intended to perform simple tasks in homes. In the videos shown by Tesla, the robot is carrying boxes or watering plants. They are basic and repetitive functions, although, as always, Elon Musk, the company’s CEOthink big: “Physical work will be a choice and could transform the global economy.”

From the Scientific News Agency of the UNQ, a review is made of the characteristics of humanoids and the experiences that the field of robotics and artificial intelligence harvests at an accelerated pace.

What is a humanoid robot?

The term humanoid robot usually refers to those robots whose shape is similar to that of humans. However, the definition varies depending on who you ask: Some say that a humanoid should have a “complete body” that includes two arms and two legs, exactly like a human. However, others focus more on communication or its ability to perform tasks and extend the definition to a wheeled mobile robot that has an “upper half body” with a head, torso and two arms.

Other examples in the empire of robotics

Tesla is not the first automaker to develop a humanoid robot. With Boston Dynamics, Hyundai, Honda also worked on robots called “asimo” for nearly 20 years. In his final form, Asimo was a child-sized humanoid robot capable of walking, running, going up and down stairs unattached, and manipulating objects with his fingers.

Robotics has special interest in the military sector, an example of this is the model Petman. Is about an android robot designed to test the effectiveness of army suits against chemical attacks. It is equipped with dozens of sensors that detect if toxic gases leak through clothing. The robot is also covered with a special skin that simulates human skin to sweat and create a microclimate under the suit that is as close as it would be in a real situation. In this way, the conditions, resistance and effectiveness of the anti-chemical suits can be tested one hundred percent.

Likewise, there are the humanoid robots that carry out rescue work in natural disasters. Atlas is a humanoid robot designed for rescue work in natural disasters, which is integrated into the US Army. Standing 1.88 meters tall, weighing 150 kilograms and looking human, Atlas is the most imposing robot ever conceived. Its structure is made up of 28 hydraulically actuated joints, a powerful computer that allows it to move with an eerie resemblance to a human, and an integrated music system. Atlas has no problem walking on rough terrain.

At conferences and public presentations

The humanoid model Geminoid HI-4 It has the ability to converse with people, incorporates 12 servomotors to control facial expression, and also has the ability to move its eyes.

Other examples of this type of robot are Kodomoroid and Otonaroid, the female android news anchors on Japanese television. They are helpful androids, and are programmed for different tasks as presenters in the media. They have the appearance of young women and can be interacted with. Their main function is to read news, something they can do in different languages ​​and with different voices.

Worldwide, the manufacture of humanoid robots has a very important space in the cultural sector. The HRP-4C, created by the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology in Tokyo and presented to the public in 2009, it is a robot woman with an Asian physiognomy, 1.58 m tall and weighing 43 kg including the battery. It uses 30 motors to move and is capable of taking poses and even dancing and singing. The silicone-coated face has eight motors of its own to modify its expression in an astonishingly realistic way.

robots in other worlds

NASA also promotes the manufacture of humanoid robots for its astrophysical research. Designed to perform complex tasks in hazardous environments, Valkyrie it is a human robot that can walk on uneven ground, climb a ladder, use tools and drive. It measures 1.9 meters, weighs 125 kilos and works with batteries that it carries in a backpack and that give it about an hour of energy. It has 44 degrees of freedom, and axes of rotation at the joints, meaning it’s relatively flexible.

All in all, humanoid robots are one of the fastest growing developments in robotic systems today. Its natural orientation to the imitation of the human being offers a field of work on issues such as artificial intelligence, human-machine interaction and cooperation between robots like no other robotic platform. It seems that they are here to stay.

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Elon Musk presented Optimus: a new humanoid robot that could change everything | Is the machine revolution coming?